Ruled by Congress-led Meghalaya
Democratic Alliance (MDA), the ceasefire agreement
singed on 23 July 2004 with Achik National Volunteer
Council (ANVC) and surrender of about 50
cadres of Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council
(HNLC) failed to bring peace in the state. A
rehabilitation package announced by Chief Minister
D D Lapang for the surrender of the armed groups’
members had little impact. In 2004, another
armed opposition group, United Achik National
Front (UANF) was formed in the Garo Hills.
The security forces and
the armed opposition groups were responsible
for violations of human rights and fundamental
freedoms. On the morning of 18 February 2004,
Rajesh Chetri, a resident of Mawlai Nongpathaw,
was found death at the Pynursla police station
in East Khasi Hills district.
failure to resolve the long-standing boundary
dispute with Assam led to the arrival of 200
Khasi families in November 2004. Over 4000 Khasi-Pnars
from Block I and Block II areas in Karbi Anglong
of Assam had returned in late 2003 after being
displaced due to continued threats and atrocities
perpetrated by Karbi armed opposition groups.
The violence against women
in the State famous for matrilineal societies
continued. Rescue of a 25-year-old woman by
an NGO from being trafficked from Shillong highlights
systematic and well-knitted network of the traffickers.
The State Women’s Commission was allegedly constituted
without consultations with NGOs.
The ruling coalition shot
down a private member Right to Information Bill
presented before the State assembly.
Indigenous peoples led by
the Khasi Students’ Union, Hynniewtrep Environment
Status Preservation Organisation and Meghalaya
People’s Human Rights Council continued their
protest against the proposed mining by the Uranium
Corporation of India Limited at Domiasiat in
the West Khasi Hills District.