Naxal violence kills 384 persons in India
New Delhi: In its latest quarterly briefing paper, “The Naxals get lethal” (http://www.achrweb.org/ncm/NCM-VOL-II-III.htm), released today Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) stated that at least 384 persons including 129 civilians, 162 security forces and 93 alleged Naxalites have been killed in the Naxal conflict during January to September 2007. The highest number of killings were reported from Chhattisgarh (208), followed by Andhra Pradesh (59), Jharkhand (44) and Bihar (28).
“Chhattisgarh accounted for 54% of the total killings as a direct consequence of the Salwa Judum campaign which made Chhattisgarg the epicenter of the Naxal conflict.” – stated Mr Suhas Chakma, Director of ACHR.
The Naxals are increasingly getting more lethal. It is not only the powerful landmine blast targeting former Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Janardhan Reddy on 7 September 2007 but the killing of 24 security personnel including 16 Central Reserve Police Force personnel on 10 July 2007 in the forests of Elampatti-Regadgatta in Dantewada district and again the killing of 15 security personnel near Taadmetla under Dornapal police station of Chhattisgarh on 29 August 2007 bear testimonies to the increasing lethal power of the Naxals.
Though security forces identify all those killed by them as “Naxalites”, there have been allegations of fake encounter killings. Even the Congress Party, Communist Party of India, Dalit Sangarsh Samiti, Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, All India Trade Union Congress and Indian National Trade Union Congress stated that the five alleged Maoists who were killed by the security forces near Menasinahadya village under Narasimharajapura police station in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka on 10 July 2007 were innocent.
“The incidents such as the alleged rape of 11 tribal women by the Andhra Pradesh Police at Vakapalli village under Nurmati panchayat in Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh on 20 August 2007 and unwillingness of the State authorities to establish justice provide fodder to the Naxal conflict” – further stated Mr Chakma.
The Naxalites were also responsible for gross violations of international humanitarian laws including torture, mutilation, hostage taking and killings after trials in Kangaroo courts, the Jan Adalats. Alleged police informers and political party activists were the primary targets. At least eight persons were killed after trial in socalled Jan Adalats from July to September 2007. On 1 July 2007, Shambhu Shah and Meghu Ram were beaten to death after a “Jan Adalat” sentenced them to death on the charge of being police informers at Sisahani village under Pakri Dayal police station of East Champaran district of Bihar.