King Gyanendra’s administration
FCC, New Delhi: Asian Centre for Human
Rights and Forum Asia in their report, Nepal:
One Year of Royal Anarchy stated that despite reduction of incidents
of murder by 88%, kidnapping by 70% and extortion by 85% in the
first three months of the unilateral cease-fire, over 1608 persons
have been killed by the security forces and the Maoists in 2005.
Sixty six persons have been killed in the first three weeks since
the Maoists withdrew unilateral cease-fire on 2 January 2006.
King Gyanendra has abysmally
failed Nepal on all fronts. The RNA lost further grounds to the
Maoists and its capacity to strike at the rebels has diminished.
The King has failed to win the hearts of the people as the Royal
Commission on Corruption Control refused to take action against
the corrupt cabinet ministers. The restoration of Panachayat regime
through appointment of Anchaladis, regional administrators, has also failed.
The limited arms embargo
by India, Britain and the United States had little effect given
the volumes of weaponry already transferred to Nepal since 2000
including military assistance worth over 70 million dollars from
India. “The procurement of arms from India’s
rival China was an attempt to exploit age-old geopolitical rivalries
rather than addressing any serious shortage of arms.” –stated
Mr Suhas Chakma, Director of Asian Centre for Human Rights.
The United Nations General
Assembly at its 60th session also failed to adopt any
resolution despite reports of deplorable human rights situation
from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Special
Rapporteur Against Torture, UN Committee on the Rights of the Child
and UN Committee Against Torture in 2005. “This is a sad reflection
of international community’s lack of concern on Nepal.”
The report also expressed
concern about the lack of coordination on development assistance.
“The grant of US$60 million by the World Bank
for a five-year higher education reform is ill-advised. While the
King has been trying to impose nationalist education, the Maoists
have been trying to impose Janawadi Shikshya, peoples’ education
at 10+2 level, which are part of the World Bank funded project.
Over 15,000 children have been abducted for indoctrination by the
Maoists in 2005. The World Bank project will only intensify the
conflict for control of the schools” – further asserted Mr
King Gyanendra and the RNA
are opposed to peace, as it will undermine their monopoly over Nepal.
The RNA repeatedly provoked the Maoists to violate unilateral ceasefire
by killing six unarmed Maoists and a civilian in Bahadurpur area
of Palpa district on 24 September 2005 and four Maoists at Limbu
Chowk at Belbari-6 in Morang district on 15 October 2005 in “serious
violations of international humanitarian law”.
activities of the RNA are not surprising considering that 19 Maoist
cadres and two civilians were massacred in cold blood at Doramba
on 17 August 2003 to sabotage the third round of talks being held
between the Maoists and the civilian government in Kathmandu on
that day.” – stated Mr Chakma.
Nepal has turned into a
lawless country being governed only by Codes of Conduct and Decrees
of the King. Since 1 February 2005, Asian Centre for Human Rights
has recorded the re-arrest of 59 persons after the courts ordered
their release, sometimes from the Supreme Court premises. Nepal
has the highest number of enforced disappearances in the world with
about 986 unresolved cases of disappearances, respectively 888 by
the security forces and 98 by the Maoists.
Until today, the International
Committee of the Red Cross cannot visit prisons and detention centers
after it suspended its visits in May 2005, as the RNA refused to
abide by the terms of the agreement which is practiced by the ICRC
all over the world. “Therefore, only the rubber
stamp of the RNA, National Human Rights Commission, which does not
disclose the name of the disappeared persons being held in illegal
custody, can visit the detention centres” – stated Mr Chakma.
Journalists suffered the
worst and about 430 journalists were arrested, attacked or threatened
in the last one year. The FM radios have been banned from broadcasting
news and majority of the channels have closed down.
The risk of the Tibetan
refugees has further increased because of the support of the government
of China to the royal takeover. Many Tibetan asylum seekers have
been sentenced to jail for the failure to pay the fines for illegal
entry. It is feared that they might be handed over to the Chinese
authorities on completion of their jail sentences.
is no way out as King Gyanendra is ready to risk the institution
of monarchy itself for his direct rule. The fact that international
community has put its eggs on India just the way King Gyanendra
put all his eggs on China has not helped to improve the situation.”
– stated Mr Chakma.
The proposed sham elections
to the municipalities on 8 February 2006 will not give any legitimacy
and Nepal is a humanitarian crisis ready to explode. Terming King
Gyanendra’s direct rule as the most serious obstacle to improvement
of overall situation, Asian Centre for Human Rights and FORUM ASIA
called upon the international community to “boycott” or “disengage”
with the administration of King Gyanendra by imposing sanctions
including a visa ban and a freeze on assets of the members of the
Royal family, government ministers, senior members of the Royal
Nepal Army and state-owned economic enterprises; ban on military
supply and assistance; and ban on implementation of economic development
projects through the government of Nepal. The report also urged
for release of political prisoners and respect for humanitarian
laws by the security forces and the Maoists.