houses have been burnt, destroyed or looted. The
killings led to
internal displacement of 44,016 persons as on 30 October
2005 in Karbi Anglong, NC Hills and Hajoi under Nagaon
district. In the Karbi Anglong district, out of 32,871
displaced persons 25,602 are Karbis, 5,600 are Dimasas
and 1,669 are other communities.
Ethnic cleansings are not
new in Assam. They have been a phenomenon since early
1993. Assam government irrespective of whichever party
is in power has failed to prevent loss of lives, bring
perpetrators to justice, and provide relief and ensure
proper rehabilitation of the displaced persons.
Director of Asian Centre
for Human Rights, Mr Suhas Chakma undertook an on-the-spot
field visit to the Karbi Anglong district on 3-4 November
2005. ACHR is the only human rights organization to
visit the areas so far.
of the field visit
The summary of the observations of Asian Centre for
Human Rights are given below:
The pattern and organised nature of the killings that
started following the murder of 3 auto-drivers belonging
to the Dimasas on 26 September 2005 establish beyond
any reasonable doubt the involvement of the organised
armed opposition groups. Although, the
Dima Halam Daogah (DHD) and the United Peoples
Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) consistently denied their
involvement and blamed it on the common Karbis and Dimasas,
it appears impossible to hack to death 34 Karbis such
as the ones that took place on 17 October 2005. The
internally displaced persons uniformly blamed the armed
opposition groups for the killings that brought distrust
among two communities which shared excellent cordial
relations since time immemorial. Repeated denials and
hacking to death, instead of using fire-arms to avoid
violations of cease-fire ground rules with the government
of India and State government of Assam, do not exonerate
the DHD and UPDS from the charges of involvement in
The killings, which were initially perpetrated by
the armed opposition groups, have spread to the community
level. The killing of two Dimasas
- Gichand Diphusa (38) and Dilaksing Maramus (39) of
Disagedepa under Diphu police station on 2 November
2005 is a case in point. A group of about 25 people waylaid a bus coming from Diphu towards
Dhansiri at Charchari around 3.35 pm with spears and
machetes. There have also been stray incidents of arson
of abandoned houses in Diphu town at the time of the
visit of ACHRís Director;
Both the state government of Assam and the Central
government of India failed to protect innocent lives
and stop the orgy of killings because of (1) the failure
to enforce respect for the cease-fire ground rules by
the DHD and the UPDS, (2) the failure to dispatch and
deploy adequate security forces to bring the situation
under control and (3) the failure to initiate inquiry
by Justice P K Phukan to identify the culprits and stop
recurrence of such killings; and
The conditions in the relief camps remain deplorable
because of overcrowding, lack of proper shelter and
accommodation, inadequate food, absolute lack of firewood
and vegetables, inadequate utensils, lack of medical facilities
for the pregnant women, absolute lack of baby food,
inadequate clothing and the collapse of the education
system. It will not be
an understatement to state that the provisions provided
to the displaced persons is worse than what is provided
to the convicted prisoners under the different jail
manuals of India.
ii. Findings on the deplorable
conditions of the Internally Displaced Persons:
The situations of the IDPs in Karbi Anglong,
NC Hills and Hojai remain deplorable. It shows that
the State government of Assam and Central government
of India have failed to learn any lesson.
Representative of Asian
Centre for Human Rights visited the camps of the IDPs
in Dhipu and Dhansiri on 3 and 4 November 2005 including
the Oxford English School which houses about 2000 people.
The displaced Karbis and
Dimasas are housed in most unhygienic conditions like
chickens in a coop. The camps are extremely overcrowded,
and most inmates have to sleep in the open. There is
no adequate space to sleep for all the inmates. When
it rains, there is no adequate space even for standing.
Apart from rice, Dal and
chirra, the government has also not provided
adequate clothes, cash doles to buy vegetables or firewood.
The lack of fire-wood and vegetable has been described
as most problematique.
In Karbi Anglong district,
there were 32,871 inmates and the State government as
of 30 October 2005 had provided only 8,504 plates. It
implies that four persons have to share a plate. This
is highly inadequate. Even each convicted prisoner is
given a plate and glass. But the victims of gross human
rights violations are not provided any such assistance.
The government has failed
to take preventive measures against the spread of malaria.
An estimated 1,170 families have not been provided mosquito
nets as on 3 November 2005. There are 6,349 families
but the government has provided mosquito nets to only
5,179 families. Many families have more than five members.
The lack of adequate mosquito nets is a problem in all
There are about 200 pregnant
women in the relief camps. But there are no special
medical facilities for the women. Due to the lack of
facilities and transport, babies were delivered inside
the camps and not at the hospital.
There have been nine deaths
in the relief camps.
Out of the 44,071 inmates,
17, 971 or overwhelming 40.78% are listed as minors.
A large number of them are babies and infants.
Yet, no baby food is being
supplied and this remains the most scandalous.
The provision for clothes
is abysmal. The state government has provided only 6,964
blankets for 44,016 internally displaced persons.
With winter approaching,
there is a need for more blankets as well as warm clothes.
In the absence of dresses
other than what they were wearing at the time of fleeing
their homes, majority of the displaced persons have
been facing the shortage of clothes. The state government
has failed to provide adequate clothes to the majority
of the inmates. For example, the government provided
only 5000 dhuti punjabis for 13,503 adult males,
4999 shawls for 12,452 adult women and 12,080 frocks,
pants and shirts for 17,971 boys and girls.
Many of the internally displaced
persons do not have clothes to change their dress.
The education system has collapsed in Karbi Anglong.
All the schools and colleges remain closed although
Durga Puja vacation ended on 17 October 2005. About
20,000 students have been affected as the schools are
being used to house the internally displaced persons.
Out of 53 camps in Karbi
Anglong, 32 are schools. In addition, about ten other
schools remain closed.
The government has not taken
any measure to vacate the schools by building temporary
camps for the inmates. Apart from the displaced children,
all students in Karbi Anglong district have been affected
due closure of the schools.
Apart from security, internally
displaced persons in Karbi Anglong, North Cachar Hills
and Hojai of Nagoan district require immediate humanitarian
assistance. The full report will be submitted to the
concerned authorities and bodies.